Introduction of Ficus species:
It ranges from large caoutchouc trees in southern islands and ports such as Abadan and Bushehr to Cha Bahar and Tis. The origin of this plant is from East India.
Countless aerial roots appear from its aerial stems so that they reach the ground and occupy hundreds of square meters of land around the big trees.
These roots are called candle roots. Laurel leaves are oval, straight and shiny and their length reaches 25 cm.
The green figs of the plant is stemless and as big as a hazelnut, and its wood is gray and not very hard and durable, but it lasts in water, and the wood of its aerial roots is hard.
The name of this tree in the south is Lul, Lor, Makrzan tree, and in Khark Island, Leil, and in Kish Island, it is called Lir.
The last three names are the names of this tree in India.
Ficus elastica Roxbg. var aurea :
This ficus, with its white leaves tending to cream color, is one of the cultivars that has attracted the attention of some enthusiasts, and like its species, it should be protected from the cold in winter.
Ficus eriobotryoides Kunth. & Bouche
The original habitat of this tree is not known and it is kept as an ornamental tree in the greenhouse and is mixed with other Ficus species. The lower surface of its leaves is brown and the stem of the tree is covered with fine hairs.
Ficus persica (Ficus persica Boiss.)
It is a shrub with long branches and round or ovate and lobed leaves, whose fruit is ovoid and pear-shaped, and it is named from the southwestern heights of Iran in Dalki.